Accountant  What They Do

Just the Facts


Accountants and Auditors Career Video



Analyzes financial information and prepares financial reports to determine or maintain record of assets, liabilities, profit and loss, tax liability, or other financial activities within an organization.

This career is part of the Finance cluster Accounting pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Prepares, examines, or analyzes accounting records, financial statements, or other financial reports to assess accuracy, completeness, and conformance to reporting and procedural standards.
  • Reports to management regarding the finances of establishment.
  • Establishes tables of accounts and assigns entries to proper accounts.
  • Develops, implements, modifies, and documents recordkeeping and accounting systems, making use of current computer technology.
  • Computes taxes owed and prepares tax returns, ensuring compliance with payment, reporting, or other tax requirements.
  • Maintains or examines the records of government agencies.
  • Advises clients in areas such as compensation, employee health care benefits, the design of accounting or data processing systems, or long-range tax or estate plans.
  • Develops, maintains, and analyzes budgets, preparing periodic reports that compare budgeted costs to actual costs.
  • Provides internal and external auditing services for businesses or individuals.
  • Analyzes business operations, trends, costs, revenues, financial commitments, and obligations to project future revenues and expenses or to provide advice.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would sit most of the time. There's some walking and standing. You may have to lift and carry things like books, papers or tools weighing 10 lbs. or less.
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves making repetitive motions more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves sitting more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Overnight travel
  • Overtime work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Accounting Systems Analyst -- Integrates knowledge of systems analysis and computer application systems and has responsibility for coordinating the modification and implementation of a full range of financial accounting systems, including large, complex, countywide systems.
  • Public Accountant -- Performs many functions, including auditing financial statements, designing financial accounting systems, assisting in the managerial accounting function, providing managerial advisory services, and tax preparation. May perform services for corporations,