Obstetrician and Gynecologist  What They Do

Just the Facts


Provides medical care related to pregnancy or childbirth and diagnoses, treats, and helps prevent diseases of women, particularly those affecting the reproductive system. May also provide general medical care to women.

This career is part of the Health Science cluster Therapeutic Services pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Collects, records, and maintains patient information, such as medical histories, reports, and examination results.
  • Treats diseases of female organs.
  • Cares for and treats women during prenatal, natal and post-natal periods.
  • Prescribes or administers therapy, medication, and other specialized medical care to treat or prevent illness, disease, or injury.
  • Performs cesarean sections or other surgical procedures as needed to preserve patients' health and deliver babies safely.
  • Analyzes records, reports, test results, or examination information to diagnose medical condition of patient.
  • Explains procedures and discusses test results or prescribed treatments with patients.
  • Monitors patients' condition and progress and re-evaluates treatments as necessary.
  • Advises patients and community members concerning diet, activity, hygiene, and disease prevention.
  • Directs and coordinates activities of nurses, students, assistants, specialists, therapists, and other medical staff.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Exposed to disease and infections more than once a month through work such as patient care, laboratory work, and sanitation control
  • Work in this occupation involves using your hands to hold, control, and feel objects more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation involves making repetitive motions more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves use of special protective items such as a breathing apparatus, safety harness, full protection suit, or radiation protection
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others
  • Identifying and understanding the speech of another person

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours
  • Overtime work
  • Weekend work

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Medical Doctor (MD) -- Evaluate symptoms, runs tests to determine what is wrong with a patient and prescribes treatment.