Animal Breeder  What They Do

Just the Facts


Selects and breeds animals according to their genealogy, characteristics, and offspring. May require knowledge of artificial insemination techniques and equipment use. May involve keeping records on heats, birth intervals, or pedigree.

This career is part of the Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources cluster Animal Systems pathway.


A person in this career:

  • Feeds and waters animals, and cleans and disinfects pens, cages, yards, and hutches.
  • Examines animals to detect symptoms of illness or injury.
  • Places vaccines in drinking water, injects vaccines, or dusts air with vaccine powder to protect animals from diseases.
  • Selects animals to be bred, and semen specimens to be used, according to knowledge of animals, genealogies, traits, and desired offspring characteristics.
  • Treats minor injuries and ailments and contacts veterinarians to obtain treatment for animals with serious illnesses or injuries.
  • Observes animals in heat to detect approach of estrus and exercises animals to induce or hasten estrus, if necessary.
  • Records animal characteristics such as weights, growth patterns, and diets.
  • Exhibits animals at shows.
  • Builds hutches, pens, and fenced yards.
  • Clips or shears hair on animals.

Insider Info

Dig into the details and check out what people in this job have to say about their work.



Working Conditions and Physical Demands

People who do this job report that:

  • You would often handle loads up to 10 lbs., sometimes up to 20 lbs. You might do a lot of walking or standing, or you might sit but use your arms and legs to control machines, equipment or tools.
  • Work in this occupation involves use of protective items such as safety shoes, glasses, gloves, hearing protection, a hard hat, or personal flotation devices
  • Exposure to pollutants, gases, dust, fumes, odors, poor ventilation, etc.
  • Conditions are very hot (above 90 F) or very cold (under 32 F)
  • Work in this occupation involves using your hands to hold, control, and feel objects more than one-third of the time
  • Work in this occupation requires being inside most of the time
  • Sound and noise levels are loud and distracting
  • Work in this occupation requires being outside most of the time
  • Work in this occupation involves standing more than one-third of the time

Working in this career involves (physical activities):

  • Seeing clearly up close
  • Speaking clearly enough to be able to be understood by others

Work Hours and Travel

  • Irregular hours

Specialty and Similar Careers

Careers that are more detailed or close to this career:

  • Aviculturist -- Raises and breeds birds while maintaining the natural habitat of the birds and are dedicated caretakers who educate the public about bird history, care and habitat in order to promote the longevity of the species.
  • Cat Breeder -- Breeds, raises, buys and sells purebred cats and kittens.
  • Chicken Fancier -- Breeds and raises poultry and fowl to improve strain and develop show stock.
  • Dog Breeder -- Breeds, raises, buys and sells purebred dogs and puppies.
  • Equine Breeder -- Breeds horses, applying proper practices on handling of stallions, handling pregnancy troubles and attending to the foals. Manages the business side of horse breeding, keeping record of the bloodlines, relating with clients, promoting the business throug
  • Pigeon Fancier -- Breeds pigeons or owns them as pets or to be entered in shows; may also train and race pigeons.
  • Rabbit Fancier -- Breeds purebred show, commercial or pet rabbits.